Famous scientist Stephen Hawking has contributed a lot in the field of science. Stephen Hawking’s life was full of difficulties from the beginning, but still he fulfilled his dream of becoming a scientist and made countless contributions in the field of science. Due to his contribution many such things were discovered which hardly anyone had imagined earlier.
Biography of Stephen Hawking
|Stephen William Hawking
|date of birth
|January 8, 1942
|date of death
|March 14, 2018 (76 years old)
|place of death
|Cambridge, United Kingdom
|Jane Wilde (1965-1995), Elaine Mason (1995-2016)
Birth and family of Stephen Hawking
Stephen Hawking was born in the year 1942 in the country of England. At the time Hawking was born, World War II was going on in the world. Stephen Hawking’s mother and father’s house used to be in North London. But due to this war, he had to change his house and he started living in a safe place in London.
Stephen’s father worked as a medical researcher, whose name was Frank. At the same time, his mother’s name was Isobel and she worked as a secretary in the Medical Research Institute. Hawking’s parents met while working at the Institute of Medical Research. After which he got married and had a total of four children. Whose names were Stephen, Philippa, Mary and Edward. Edward was their adopted son.
Stephen Hawking’s Education
When Stephen was eight years old, his family moved to St. Alban’s and Stephen was enrolled in a school here. After completing his schooling, Stephen enrolled in Oxford University and here he studied Physics. At the time when he had enrolled in this university, he was only 17 years old at that time.
It is said that Stephen was interested in mathematics and wanted to pursue his studies in this subject. But at that time this subject was not available in Oxford University. Because of which he had to choose the subject of physics.
After obtaining a first class degree in Physics, he did his further studies from Cambridge University. In the year 1962, he did research on cosmology at the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics (DAMTP) at the University of Cambridge.
Health deteriorated in the year 1963
Stephen Hawking was living his life like ordinary people, but in the year 1963, his health started deteriorating. Seeing Stephen’s deteriorating condition at the age of 21, his father took him to the hospital where he was examined and it was found that Stephen had a disease called amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Due to this disease, the parts of the body gradually stop functioning and there is no cure for this disease. At the time when Stephen was diagnosed with this disease, at that time he was doing his studies from Cambridge University. But he did not let his illness come in between his dreams. Despite being ill, he completed his studies and in the year 1965 he obtained his PhD degree. The title of his thesis in PhD was ‘Properties of Expanding Universe’.
Stephen Hawking’s wife
The year Stephen came to know about his illness, in the same year he met his first wife i.e. Jane Wilde. Jane supported him in this bad time of Hawking and they got married in the year 1965. Jane and Hocking had a total of three children and their names are Robert, Lucy and Timothy.
This marriage of Hawking lasted for 30 years and in the year 1995, Jane and Hawking got divorced. After getting divorced, Hawking married Elaine Mason and this marriage, which took place in the year 1995, lasted only till the year 2016.
Stephen Hawking’s career
Even after completing his studies from Cambridge, Hawking remained associated with this college and worked here as a researcher. He served as an assistant researcher at DAMTP in the year 1972 and during this time he wrote his first academic book, ‘The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time’. After working here for some time, he was included in the Royal Society (Fellowship) in the year 1974. After which he also worked as Gravitational Physics Reader in DAMTP in the year 1975 and also served here as Professor of Gravitational Physics in the year 1977. Whereas, in view of his work, in the year 1979, he was appointed Lucasian Professor of Mathematics in Cambridge, which is the most famous academy post in the world and he worked on this post till the year 2006.
Stephen Hawking’s Awards and Achievements
Professor Stephen Hawking has a total of thirteen (13) honorary degrees. At the same time, he has also been given many awards for his contribution and the information about the awards given to him so far is given below-
- In 1966, Stephen Hawking was given the Adams Prize. After this award, he received the Eddington Medal in the year 1975 and the Maxwell Medal and Prize in the year 1976.
- Heineman Prize was given to Hawking in the year 1976. After receiving this award, he was awarded another award in the year 1978 and the name of this award was Albert Einstein Medal.
- Hawking was also awarded the RAS Gold Medal in 1985 and the Dirac Medal of the Institute of Physics in 1987. After this, in 1988, this great scientist was also given the Wolf Prize.
- Hawking also won the Prince of Asturias Award in the year 1989. Shortly after receiving this award, he was also given the Andrew Gemment Award (1998), Naylor Award and Lectureship (1999).
- The next award he received in the year 1999 was named Lilienfeld Prize and he was also given the Albert Medal in the same year by the Royal Society of Art.
- Apart from the above mentioned awards, he has also been given Copley Medal (2006), Presidential Medal of Freedom (2009), Fundamental Physics Prize (2012) and BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award (2015).
Work Done By Stephen Hawking
Professor Stephen Hawking has done many researches on the basic laws governing the universe. Hawking, along with his partner Roger Penrose, had done a research and told the world that space and time have started with the birth of the universe and will end within the black hole.
Using Einstein’s theory of relativity and quantum theory, Hawking also determined that black holes are not completely silent but emit radiation.
Apart from this, Hawking had also proposed that there is no limit to the universe and with the help of science, it can also be known that when and how the universe started.
Books Written By Stephen Hawking
Stephen Hawking has also written many books in his lifetime and this book of his has been written only about space. Below we have given information about some of the books written by him-
- ‘A Brief History of Time’ – The name of the first book written by Hawking was ‘A Brief History of Time’. This book was based on the topic of Big Bang and Black Hole and published in the year 1988, this book is available in 40 languages.
- ‘The Universe in a Nutshell’ – This book was published in the year 2001 and this book written by Hawking received the Aventis Price of Science Books in the year 2002.
- “The Grand Design” – The book “The Grand Design” written by Hawking was published in the year 2010 and in this book also information related to space was given. This book also proved to be a very successful book.
- ‘Black Hole and Baby Universe’ – This book came out in the year 1993 and in this book Hawking mentioned essays and lectures related to black holes. Apart from this, Hawking also wrote a book for children. Whose name was “George and the Big Bang” and this book came in the year 2011.
Quotes of Stephen Hawking
Life would be unfortunate if it weren’t full of weird and interesting stuff.
If you are always angry and cursing then no one will have time for you.
The goal of my life is very simple and this goal is to understand this universe and find out why it is the way it is and why it is the way it is.
Ignorance is not the enemy, while the enemy is the illusion that says you know everything.
Film on The Life of Stephen Hawking
In the year 2014, a movie was made on him, whose name is “The Theory of Everything”. The struggle of his life was shown in this film and it was told how he had fulfilled his dreams.
Net Worth of Stephen Hawking
Stephen Hawking owns a house in the city of Cambridge, England and currently has a net worth of $20 million. He has earned this wealth through his work, awards and books.
Death of Stephen Hawking
Hawking was ill for a long time. Due to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis disease, he has told about 53 years of his life on a wheel chair. On the other hand, on March 14, this great scientist took his last breath in England and bid farewell to this world. But the contributions made by him in the scientific field will never be forgotten.
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