Energy is required for the operation of biological functions in the body of living beings (all living beings including human beings). This energy is obtained from food. The whole process of ingestion of food (nutrients) by living beings (process of carrying food into the body), digestion, absorption and assimilation and discarding of indigestible substances is called nutrition. Nutrients are substances required for energy production, physical growth and repair of wear and tear.
Types of Nutrients:
Our diet should include such foods which can supply the right amount of nutrients. Such a diet is called a balanced diet. Every person needs 6 nutrients for energy, tissue maintenance and bodily functions. Which includes proteins, vitamins, carbohydrates, fats, water and minerals. Let us know about them in detail.
Protein is a very important nutrient for the nutrition of the body, which should be consumed by everyone. Protein is very important for our body to function properly, to build muscles and to build and repair our body cells. Along with this, protein is also the source of energy for our body. Rich sources of protein include eggs, fish, meat and beans. Protein provides amino acids to the body.
Our body needs a lot of vitamins. If our body does not get any vitamin due to any reason, then our body can suffer from vitamin related diseases. Vitamins are substances that help your body grow. It strengthens your immune system and keeps you away from many diseases. We get most of the vitamins from fruits and vegetables.
Minerals are a good nutrition. Some important minerals are essential for the proper functioning of our body. It not only corrects the metabolism of the body but also keeps your health good. Its sources include fruits, vegetables, dairy products, meat and fish.
Starch or starch in the form of carbohydrate is the main food item which is found in many types of food items. Carbohydrates are found in sufficient quantity in potatoes, sago, rice, whole grains, pasta, roti, maize etc. By eating it, the body gets energy and it also plays an important role in digestion.
Fat is a major component of our diet and performs many functions in the body. Its essential sources include dairy products, meat, seeds, and foods such as nuts and vegetable oils. Fat is digested into fatty acids, which are used as an energy source.
We also include water in nutrition. About 60 percent of the body is made up of water. Drinking enough H2O helps maintain fluid balance in the body, which helps transport nutrients throughout the body, regulates body temperature, and helps digest food. That’s why never let your body lack water.
What is the utility of nutrition for the body?:
What is the utility of nutrition for the body?: Nutrition is necessary for any living being, for this body functions are not possible. Just as fuel is needed for a vehicle, in the same way our body needs nutrients. Let us know in detail about the requirement of nutrients.
Energy required for the operation of various functions of the body is obtained from the oxidation of various components mainly carbohydrates and fats.
Food contributes to the growth of the body and repair of damaged organs and tissues. Proteins, minerals, salts, vitamins etc. contribute in completing this work.
Food maintains the various organs and animals of the body in proper condition and by operating them properly, contributes in controlling the metabolic activities. Vitamins, minerals, salts and water play an important role in this work.
Balanced diet increases the immunity power in the body. Proteins, mineral salts, vitamins etc. are important substances for this work. Thus food protects the body from diseases.
How Much Nutrition Is Needed Per Day
Generally a human body needs nutrients according to its age and biological functions. Different standards have been set for children, pregnant women and adults and according to these standards one should include nutrients in his food. If we talk about Indians, the surveys of the Government of India also say that nutrition per person should be according to his age. The 2012 survey gives different nutritional standards for rural and urban areas. However, we are telling you about the nutritional needs as told by the nutritionist. You can also take nutrients according to the needs of the body by consulting a dietician.
Nutrition needs per day:
- Protein: 64 grams
- Liquids (water, milk and other beverages): 2.5 to 3 liters
- Fiber: 30 grams
- Vitamin A: 900 micrograms
- Thiamine: 1.2 mg
- Riboflavin: 1.3 mg
- Niacin: 16 mg
- Vitamin B6: 1.3 mg
- Vitamin B12: 2.4 micrograms
- Folate: 400 mcg
- Vitamin C: 45 mg
- Calcium: 1000 mg
- Iodine: 150 micrograms
- Iron: 8 mg
- Magnesium: 400 mg
- Potassium: 3800 mg
- Sodium: 460–920 mg
- Zing: 14 mg
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