Benjamin Franklin Biography – Benjamin Franklin was an American author, scientist, inventor, statesman, diplomat, publisher, and political philosopher. Benjamin Franklin was one of the founding fathers of the United States of America. He was the drafter and signer of the United States Declaration of Independence, and the first United States Postmaster General.
Benjamin Franklin Biography
|17 January 1706
|Boston, Massachusetts Bay,
|17 April 1790
(at the age of 84)
and political philosophers
|Boston Latin School
Autobiography, Poor Richards
benjamin franklin’s family
(m. 1730; d. 1774)
Francis Folger and
Benjamin Franklin Biography
Benjamin Franklin was born on January 17, 1706 in Boston, Massachusetts. His father Josiah Franklin was a chandler (candle and soap maker). His mother Abiah Folger was his father’s second wife. He had sixteen siblings and was the youngest son of the family. There was no luxury in such a crowded house.
He studied at the Boston Latin School in Boston. Benjamin had less than two years of formal schooling, after which he was employed at the age of 10 in his father’s shop.
His elder brother, James Franklin, was the editor and printer of the New England Courant. James needed an apprentice. Therefore, he became a printer’s apprentice to his brother James.
Soon after, Benjamin started writing articles for this newspaper. When his brother James was imprisoned in February 1723 after publishing material deemed libelous, the paper was published under the name of Benjamin Franklin. After a month, James Franklin took over the de facto editorial position.
In September 1723, Benjamin left for New York and then Philadelphia, arriving in October 1723. Franklin had neither money nor place to live. While roaming the streets, Franklin met Deborah Reed, who welcomed him to stay in her family’s home. Deborah’s family helped him gain employment, and Franklin went to work for Samuel Keimer, who had just opened his own printing business.
His work attracted the attention of Sir William Keith, the governor of Pennsylvania, who promised to set him up in his business. Franklin was sent to London to purchase equipment for his own printing business. Governor Keith promised to send a letter of credit to London, but when Franklin arrived, he found that Keith had not sent the letter. Franklin was now trapped in London.
where Franklin found employment in the famous printer’s shop owned by Samuel Palme. A year later, Franklin found a better-paying job at John Watt’s printing house; But in July 1726, he left for home accompanied by Thomas Denham, an understanding mentor and father figure whom he had met during his stay in London.
After returning to Philadelphia in late 1726, Franklin opened a general store with Thomas Denham, and when Denham died in 1727, Franklin went back to work with Samuel Keimer.
In 1727 he founded the Junto Society, commonly known as the “Leather Apron Club”, a small group of middle-class young men engaged in business and morals, who met at a local inn. Debate on politics and philosophy.
By 1730, Franklin began his search for a wife. Deborah Reed married while he was in London. When Deborah’s marriage failed, she and Franklin began living together as a married couple. In 1730, Deborah Reed became Franklin’s common-law wife.
He had two children. Their son, Francis Folger Franklin, was born in October 1732 and died of smallpox in 1736. Their daughter, Sarah “Sally” Franklin was born in 1743 and was married to Richard Bache.
They also had an illegitimate child named William, who was born between April 1730 and April 1731. The name of William’s mother is unknown.
A library and ‘Poor Richard’
In 1731, Franklin founded the Library Company of Philadelphia, a subscription library in which users paid dues to borrow books. Today the library houses 500,000 books and 160,000 manuscripts and is the oldest cultural institution in the United States.
In 1732, Benjamin Franklin published “Poor Richard’s Almanac”. Within a few months three versions were produced and sold.
In 1749, Franklin proposed an academy of education for the youth of Pennsylvania. It opened in 1751 as the first nonsectarian college in America, and by 1791 it had become known as the University of Pennsylvania.
In 1751, Franklin won a seat in the Pennsylvania Assembly, where he (literally) cleaned up the streets of Philadelphia by installing street sweepers, installing street lamps, and laying paving.
When Franklin returned to Philadelphia, he found that the British government had finally given him the job he had been lobbying for: deputy postmaster for the colonies.
In 1776, the Continental Congress sent Franklin on a diplomatic mission to France. He was sent to obtain more aid from France for the American Revolutionary War effort. Although France was already providing some support for the American cause, Franklin was sent to secure even more money, troops, and ships. Franklin was well respected in France and was eventually able to negotiate more aid from France.
Benjamin Franklin returned to the United States from France in 1785. He participated in the Constitutional Convention and became the only Founding Father to sign the Declaration of Independence, the Treaty of Alliance with France, the Treaty of Paris, and the Constitution. He also served as the President (like Governor) of Pennsylvania.
Benjamin Franklin died at his home in Philadelphia on April 17, 1790, at the age of 84.
Inventions of Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin invented the lightning rod, bifocals, the Franklin stove, the odometer of a car, and the glass ‘armonica’.
Benjamin Franklin is famous for his experiments with electricity. He did many experiments which prove that the lightning in the sky is actually lightning. He invented the lightning rod, which helps keep buildings safe from lightning.
Benjamin Franklin’s Experiment
Benjamin Franklin did an experiment to prove that electricity falling from uneven ground is electricity. He flew a kite in the rainy season and tied a metal key to its string. As he thought, the lightning that flashed from the sky during the storm got transferred from the clouds to the string of his kite. The electricity that came down from the string of the kite shocked Benjamin Franklin and proved that it is also electricity. On the basis of this experiment, Benjamin invented the lightning rod.
Benjamin Franklin US Why is history important?
Franklin came to the U.S. for several reasons. Important for history. He was a scientist and inventor who invented the Franklin stove, bifocals, lightning rod and many more. He served as a diplomat during the American Revolution and helped obtain additional funds from France. He served as a member of the Continental Congress and played a role in the drafting and signing of important American documents, such as the Declaration of Independence and the US Constitution.
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frequently Asked question
When and where was Benjamin Franklin born?
Benjamin Franklin was born on January 17, 1706, in Boston, Massachusetts.
Who Was Benjamin Franklin?
Benjamin Franklin was an American author, scientist, inventor, statesman, diplomat, publisher, and political philosopher.