India, which is a country of festivals, here every festival is celebrated in a special way in different states. Baisakhi or Vaishakhi is known by different names in different places of the country. The festival of Baisakhi is celebrated every year by the people of Sikh religion. This festival falls in the first month of Vikram Samvant every year. One of the major festivals of Sikhs is the festival of Baisakhi. Baisakhi or Vaisakhi Festival is celebrated as Naba Varsha in Bengal, Bihu in Assam and Pooram Vishu in the state of Kerala. But do you know when is Baisakhi in this year 2023?
What is the history of celebrating the festival of Baisakhi in India (Baisakhi or Vaisakhi Festival History)? Along with this, what is the importance of Baisakhi or Vaisakhi festival and how it is celebrated, information about all these will be given to you in the article.
When is Baisakhi?
Every year in Baisakhi the traditional dance Bhangra/Gidda is performed in Punjab. Fairs are organized at different places on this day. The five beloved ones are remembered on this day. Baisakhi festival is mainly a festival of farmers, on this day Ravi’s crop gets ready after ripening. On this day Guru Govind established the Khalsa Panth. It was on this day that the Sikh people adopted their surname as Singh. Every year Baisakhi is celebrated on 14th April. This year in 2023 also Baisakhi is on 14th April.
Key Highlights of Baisakhi or Vaisakhi Festival
|When is Baisakhi? What is the history, importance and way of celebrating the festival of Baisakhi
|Name of Festival
|Baisakhi or Vaisakhi
|Other Names for Baisakhi
|Basoa, Bisua, Jud Sheetal, Pohela Bosakh, Vishu, Puthandu, Bihu, Vishu
|Why is it Celebrated
|Khalsa Panth was established on this day, in honor of Guru Gobind Singh and the Panch Pyaras.
|Vaisakhi Festival is Known As
|Equinox Solstice, Mesh Solstice
|When is Baisakhi
|Baisakhi is Celebrated
|Mainly by Sikhism in North India
|Ganga Sanan, organizing fairs, harvesting Ravi’s crop
What is the history of the festival of Baisakhi
Vaishakhi is mainly a major festival of farmers, which is celebrated with great pomp in Punjab, Haryana and its surrounding states of India. This festival is celebrated every year in the month of April. During this, Ravi’s crop gets ready after ripening. The New Year is celebrated by the farmers after the harvest. The festival of Vaisakhi is celebrated to welcome the new year. On this day Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th Guru of the Sikhs, founded the Khalsa Panth.
Baisakhi or Vaisakhi Festival History
Once upon a time in 1699 Guru Gobind Singh, the last Guru of the Sikhs, invited all the Sikhs. All the people gathered at Anandpur Sahib Maidan after getting the permission of the Guru. Guru Govind ji had the idea of testing his disciples, he took out his sword from the bow and said – “I want the head”. Hearing this, all the disciples got confused. That’s why Dayaram, a resident of Lahore, presented his head in the Guru’s shelter from the crowd. After which Guru Govind Singh ji took that disciple inside with him and at the same time a stream of blood started flowing from inside. Everyone standing outside understood that Dayaram’s head had been cut off.
After this Guru Gobind Singh ji came out again and again to say;- “I want the head” As soon as the Guru said this, Dharmadas of Saharanpur took his step forward to offer his head in the shelter of the Guru. Dharmdas was also taken inside by the Guru and again a stream of blood was seen flowing from inside. Similarly, 3 more people Himmat Rai, Mohak Chand, Sahib Chand came forward to donate their heads to the Guru and again blood started flowing from inside. The people standing outside thought that all five had been sacrificed. But in the meanwhile Guru Gobind Singh brings all those 5 people out with him. Everyone gets surprised.
Guru Govind told everyone that an animal was sacrificed inside instead. I was taking the exam of these people and all of them have passed that exam. Thus Guru Govind Singh introduced these 5 people as his five pawns and made these five drink nectar and said that from today you will be called Singh. And instructed them to keep long hair, beard and also instructed them to wear Panch Kakar. After this incident, Guru Gobind Rai was called Guru Gobind Singh and the word Singh was added to the name of Sikhs. And in memory of this day, the festival of Baisakhi is celebrated by the Sikh community.
How To Celebrate Baisakhi
- Gurudwaras are decorated everywhere on the occasion of Baisakhi or Vaisakhi festival.
- People of Sikh religion listen to Guruvani. On this day kheer, sherbet are made and langars are served in the gurudwaras.
- At night, people burn wood outside the house and make giddha and bhangra in a circle.
- On the day of Vaisakhi, at 4 am, the Guru Granth Sahib is brought out of the room before the ceremony. After which Guru Granth Sahib is placed on the throne after bathing with milk and water.
- After this Panch Pyare sings Panchbani.
- Prasad is distributed after Ardaas.
- After taking Prasad, Sikhs go to “Langar”. And do kar seva with your will.
- On the auspicious occasion of Vaisakhi, Guru Gobind Singh and his Panch Pyaras are remembered and kirtans are performed in their honour.
Baisakhi or Vaisakhi Importance
- Bathing in the river on the day of Vaishakhi is considered auspicious among Hindus.
- Baisakhi is the harvest festival, on this day farmers thank God for a good harvest.
- Every year the festival of Baisakhi is celebrated on 13th April.
- According to belief, on this day Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th and last Guru of the Sikhs, established the Khalsa Panth at Kesgarh Sahib Anandpur Saheb in the year 1699 itself.
- The purpose of establishing the Khalsa Panth was to free the people from the tyranny of the Mughal ruler of that time and make their lives successful.
- Baisakhi or Vaisakhi is the first day of the Sikh New Year. Sun enters Aries on the day of Vaisakhi. That’s why this day is celebrated with great pomp.
- On this day people go to each other’s house and wish for Vaishakhi and fairs are also organized at different places.
- Baisakhi is an agricultural festival, when the Ravi crop is ready to ripen in Punjab and its surrounding states, then the festival of Baisakhi is celebrated.
- This festival is also celebrated in Assam when the crop is ripe, which is called Bihu there. In the same state of Bengal, this festival is called Vaishakh.
- Baisakhi is also known as Mesha Sankranti because on this day Sun enters Aries, hence Baisakhi is also called Mesha Sankranti.
- According to Hindu religion, Mother Ganga descended on earth on the day of Baisakhi, that is why it is a tradition to bathe in the river on this day.
- On the day of Baisakhi, crops like wheat, sesame, sugarcane, oilseeds etc. are harvested.
- More about this source textSource text required for additional translation information
Frequently asked questions (FAQs)
Q.1 When is Baisakhi or Vaishakhi festival celebrated in India?
The festival of Vaisakhi is celebrated every year on 14 April by the people of the Sikh community in the country.
Q.2 When is Baisakhi?
Baisakhi is celebrated every year on 14 April. Vaisakhi is on 14th April.
Q.3 What is the history of Vaisakhi Festival? Why is it celebrated?
Baisakhi Festival is celebrated in the memory of Guru Gobind Singh and his Panch Pyaras. Ravi’s crop is also harvested on this day. This day is the first day of the new year of the Sikhs.
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