APJ Abdul Kalam Biography – Apj Abdul Kalam i.e. whose full name is Abul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, who is known as Missile Man of India, great scientist and President of India, is an inspirational source of success for all Indians today, his whole life of struggle and success Apj Abdul Kalam Sir is the most inspirational person of today’s youth, from whom we can all learn something, take inspiration from their lives to move forward.
So let’s know Apj Abdul Kalam Biography, Autobiography of Apj Abdul Kalam in Hindi in order to move forward on the path of success in life. So in this way, we all can take inspiration from APJ Abdul Kalam’s biography, from his words, from the path of knowledge shown,
Biography of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam
India’s great scientist and former President Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931, he was born in Dhanushkodi, Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu India, in his honor his birth anniversary is celebrated as World Student Day It is celebrated, Apj Abdul Kalam Sir was the President of India from 2002 to 2007. During this, many important works were done for the development of India.
He was awarded many prestigious awards including India’s highest civilian honor “Bharat Ratna” in 1997 and then he studied physics and aerospace engineering, he is called the father of missiles of India, the manufacturing of missiles in India The credit goes to him, due to which he is famous as Missile Man.
Brief biography of APJ Abdul Kalam
Full Name: Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam)
Famous Name: Missile Man
Born: 15-October 1931
Place of Birth: Dhanushkodi, Rameshwaram, Tamil Nadu, India
Mother: Ashiamma (Housewife)
Father: Jainulabideen (who was a sailor)
Occupation: Engineer, Scientist, Writer, Professor, Politician
Famous For: Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was the President from 2002 to 2007
Achievements: As a successful scientist and great engineer, he worked on many important projects of Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).
Died: 27 July 2015, Shillong, Meghalaya, India
Early Biography of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam
Apj Abdul Kalam, whose full name is Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, was born on 15 October 1931 in a Muslim family in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. His father Jainulabiden who was a sailor and his mother Ashiamma was a homemaker. The economic condition of his family was not good, his father’s earned money could not run the house, so he had to work from a young age, in order to help his father financially, in his childhood, Abdul Kalam published newspapers, newspapers in the morning. Used to do the work of selling.
apj abdul kalam studies
Abdul Kalam was normal in studies during his childhood school days, but he was always ready and forward to learn new things, he had such a hunger to learn, that he used to pay attention to studies for hours, he completed his school Completed his early education from Ramanathapuram Schwartz Matriculation School,
He then joined St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli, from where he graduated in Physics in 1954. Then in 1955, he moved to Madras, now known as Chennai, from where he studied aerospace engineering, and then in 1960, Abdul Kalam studied engineering (graduation) from the Madras Institute of Technology. Completed.
Career of APJ Abdul Kalam
After completing his engineering studies from the Madras Institute of Technology, Abdul Kalam joined the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) as a scientist. Abdul Kalam started his career by designing a small helicopter for the Indian Army. Did, due to which Kalam was not getting satisfaction from his work in DRDO,
And at the same time, Kalam was also a member of the ‘Indian National Committee for Space Research’ formed by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, during which he got the opportunity to work with the great space scientist Vikram Sarabhai. Which proved to be an important step for Abdul Kalam’s career.
Scientific life of APJ Abdul Kalam
Then in 1969, he was transferred to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). Here he was appointed as the director of India’s Satellite Launch Vehicle project, as a result of the success of this project, India’s first satellite ‘Rohini’ was established in the Earth’s orbit in the year 1980.
Joining ISRO was the most important turning point in Abdul Kalam’s career, and then when he started working on the Satellite Launch Vehicle project, he felt as if he was doing the same work in which he felt like, and was quite satisfied with this work.
Then during the year 1963-64, he also visited America’s space organization NASA. Nuclear scientist Raja Ramanna, under whose supervision India conducted its first nuclear test, also invited Kalam to witness the nuclear test at Pokhran in 1974, then conducted it in 1998 for the second time since India’s first original nuclear test in 1974. Under the leadership of the then Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, played a decisive, organizational, technical and political role in India’s Pokhran-II nuclear test, under his leadership India established itself in the world in the nuclear field.
5 Story of APJ Abdul Kalam
In the seventies and eighties, Dr. Kalam became very famous in India due to his works and successes and his name was being counted among the biggest scientists of the country, his fame had increased so much that the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, with the approval of his cabinet, without allowing them to work on some secret projects,
In 1972, he thus joined the Indian Space Research Organization, Abdul Kalam as the Director General of the project, credited with making India’s first indigenous satellite (SLV-III) missile. Then in 1980, he established the Rohini satellite near the Earth’s orbit. Thus India also became a member of the International Space Club.
Abdul Kalam is also credited with giving approval to the ISRO launch vehicle program, the Government of India started the ambitious ‘Integrated Guided Missile Development Program’ under the supervision of Dr. Kalam, he was the chief executive of the project, Abdul Kalam Designed indigenous target piercing controlled missiles (Guided Missiles), it was he who made missiles like Agni and Prithvi with indigenous technology, and then from July 1992 to December 1999, Kalam was the Science Advisor to the Defense Minister and the Secretary of the Department of Security Research and Development. They then used strategic missile systems as firearms.
Then from July 1992 to December 1999, Dr. Kalam was the Scientific Advisor to the Prime Minister and the Secretary of the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO). India did its second nuclear test during this time, he played an important role in it. R. Dr. Kalam was the coordinator of this project along with Chidambaram. The media coverage received during this made him the country’s biggest nuclear scientist.
In this way, in the year 1998, Dr. Kalam along with cardiologist Soma Raju developed a low cost ‘coronary stent’. It was named as the ‘Kalam-Raju Stent’.
Abdul Kalam as the President of India
In recognition of his achievements and fame as a defense scientist, the Bharatiya Janata Party-backed NDA coalition government made him the presidential candidate in 2002, defeating his rival Lakshmi Sehgal by a huge margin. Defeated and took oath as the 11th President of India on 25 July 2002, and thus Dr. Kalam was the third President of the country who had been awarded the Bharat Ratna before becoming the President, before Dr. Radhakrishnan and Dr. Zakir Hussain. had been awarded ‘Bharat Ratna’ before becoming the President,
During his tenure, he was called ‘People’s President’, he was everyone’s favorite President, although Abdul Kalam was not a person in the political field, but due to nationalist thinking and India’s welfare policies after becoming President, he was somewhat Till then can be considered politically complete. Who had shown dreams of making India in the category of developed nation during his presidential term.
At the end of his term, he also expressed his desire for a second term, but due to lack of consensus among political parties, he abandoned this idea.
At the end of the term of 12th President Pratibha Patil, her name was once again discussed as the next possible President, but due to lack of consensus, she gave up the idea of her candidature.
Abdul Kalam’s life after the presidency
After retiring from the post of President, Dr. Abdul Kalam was engaged in work like teaching, writing, guiding and research, and as a visiting professor from institutions like Indian Institute of Management, Shillong, Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, Indian Institute of Management, Indore, He has been associated with, and is also a Fellow of the Indian Institute of Science Bangalore, Chancellor of the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Professor of Aerospace Engineering at Anna University, Chennai.
Abdul Kalam also taught information technology at IIIT Hyderabad, Banaras Hindu University (BHU) and Anna University.
Kalam always talked about the youth of the country and how to improve their future. In this regard, he also started the “What Can I Give” initiative for the youth of the country, whose objective is to eradicate corruption, considering his popularity among the youth of the country, he was awarded ‘MTV’ 2 times (2003 & 2004). . Was also nominated for the ‘Youth Icon of the Year Award’.
The Hindi film I Am Kalam, released in the year 2011, is inspired by his life. Seeing which you can also be impressed.
A.P.J. abdul kalam abdul kalam passed away
Dr. A.P.J. On 27 July 2015, Abdul Kalam was delivering a lecture at IIM Shillong, when suddenly he suffered a heart attack and his condition became critical, therefore, he was shifted to the nearby Bethany Hospital, where he later succumbed to cardiac arrest. she passed away. His last words to Srijan Pal Singh were “Funny guy! Are you doing well?
On 30 July 2015, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was cremated near his native village Rameshwaram. Where more than 350,000 people attended Kalam’s last rites, including the Prime Minister of India, the Governor of Tamil Nadu and the Chief Ministers of Karnataka, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh. Which was the last stop of the journey of Abdul Kalam’s life, in which everyone wanted to join.
Dr. A.P.J. Awards and Achievements of Abdul Kalam
Abdul Kalam Sir’s whole life is full of struggle and his successes, at this point of life he got many awards and achievements, which is the result of his tireless hard work, so let’s go to Dr. A.P.J. Know the awards and achievements of Abdul Kalam.
1- In 1981, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was awarded the Padma Bhushan by the Government of India.
2- In 1990, was awarded the Padma Vibhushan.
3- In 1997, was honored with the highest civilian award like Bharat Ratna.
4- In 1998, was awarded the Veer Savarkar Award.
5- In 2000, the Alvaras Research Centre, Chennai presented him with the Ramanujan Award.
6- In 2007, Britain was awarded the King Charles II Medal by the Royal Society.
7- In 2008, he was awarded the degree of Doctor of Engineering (Honoris Causa) from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
8- In 2009, America was awarded the Hoover Medal by the ASME Foundation.
9- In 2010, the University of Waterloo honored Dr. Kalam with Doctor of Engineering.
10- In 2011, he became an honorary member of IEEE.
11- In 2013, he was awarded the Von Braun Award by the National Space Society.
12- In 2014, was awarded the Doctor of Science degree by the University of Edinburgh, UK.
13- Dr. Kalam was the recipient of honorary doctorate from about 40 universities.
14- In 2015, the United Nations recognized Dr. Kalam’s birthday as “World Students’ Day”.
15- After the death of Dr. Kalam, Tamil Nadu government announced to celebrate October 15, which is his birthday, as Youth Renaissance Day across the state. In addition, the state government instituted the “Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Award” in his name. Under this award, a gold medal of 8 grams and Rs 5 lakh is given in cash. This award is given to those people who work to promote scientific development, humanities and welfare of students.
And not only this, on October 15, 2015, on the 84th anniversary of Dr. Kalam’s birth, Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi also released a postage stamp in the memory of Dr. Kalam at DRDO Bhawan in New Delhi.
Dr. A.P.J. Important Books written by Abdul Kalam
Apart from academic work, Dr. Kalam also wrote many books, the main ones being – ‘India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium’, ‘Wings of Fire: An Autobiography (Agni ki Udaan), ‘Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India’ , ‘Mission India’, ‘Indomitable Spirit’ etc. are prominent.
Dr. A.P.J. The main books written by Abdul Kalam are as follows: –
1 :- India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium (India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium) (1998)
2 :- Wings of Fire: An Autobiography (1999)
3 :- Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India (2002)
4 :- The Luminous Sparks: A Biography in Verse and Colors (2004)
5 :- Mission of India: A Vision of Indian Youth (Mission of India: A Vision of Indian Youth) (2005)
6 :- Inspiring Thoughts: Quotation Series (2007)
7 :- You Are Born to Blossom: Take My Journey Beyond (Co-author: Arun Tiwari) (2011)
Biography of Swami Vivekananda Swami Vivekananda Biography in Hindi
8 :- The Scientific Indian: A Twenty First Century Guide to the World Around Us (Co-author: Y. S. Rajan) (2011)
9 :- Target 3 Billion (Co-writer: Srijan Pal Singh) (2011)
10 :- Turning Points: A Journey Through Challenges (2012)
11 :- My Journey: Transforming Dreams into Actions (2013)
12 :- Manifesto For Change (Co-author: V. Ponraj) (2014)
13 :- Forge Your Future: Candid, Forthright, Inspiring (2014)
14 :- Beyond 2020: A Vision for Tomorrow’s India (2014)
15 :- Governance for Growth in India (2014)
16 :- Reignited: Scientific Pathways to a Brighter Future (Co-author: Shrijan Pal Singh) (2015)
17 :- The Family and the Nation (Co-author: Acharya Mahapragya) (2015)
18 :- Transcendence My Spiritual Experiences (Co-author: Arun Tiwari) (2015)
Dr. A.P.J. Biographies of Abdul Kalam
1- Dr. A. A.P.J.Abdul Kalam: The Visionary of India (Author: K. Bhushan and G. Katyal)
2- President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam (Author: RK Pruthi)
3- My Days With Mahatma Abdul Kalam (Author: Frat AK George)
4- A Little Dream (Documentary film) (by P. Dhanapal)
The Kalam Effect: My Years with the President (Author: PM Nair)
6- Eternal Quest: Life and Times of Dr. Kalam (Author: S Chandra)